As President Trump and his Republican allies proceed attempting to undermine the election, the certification of the vote totals in every state is the following main step in formalizing President-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr.’s victory.
A key a part of the G.O.P. technique has been to delay certification processes in battleground states that Mr. Biden gained, within the hopes that, if state officers miss their deadlines, legislators will subvert the favored vote and appoint pro-Trump slates to the Electoral Faculty. However that’s extremely unlikely to occur.
Right here’s a breakdown of the certification deadlines and different key dates in battleground states, and what’s going to occur between now and Inauguration Day.
Friday, Nov. 20: Georgia
There’s a 5 p.m. Friday deadline for officers to certify election leads to Georgia, which Mr. Biden gained in a uncommon Democratic victory within the Deep South that has left Republicans deeply annoyed.
The Georgia secretary of state, Brad Raffensperger, a Republican, has mentioned the state will meet the Friday deadline regardless of having performed a time-consuming hand recount of the 5 million ballots forged there.
Mr. Raffensperger is chargeable for certifying the outcomes, and he has fiercely defended the state’s electoral course of towards assaults from Mr. Trump. And on Thursday, a federal choose in Georgia — Steven Grimberg, whom Mr. Trump appointed — rejected a request to dam certification.
Mr. Trump’s marketing campaign might nonetheless ask for a machine recount of the vote, however Mr. Biden’s lead is much bigger than such a recount could possibly be anticipated to beat.
Monday, Nov. 23: Michigan, Pennsylvania
Mr. Biden gained these two states.
Monday is the deadline for counties in Pennsylvania to certify their totals and ship them to Kathy Boockvar, the secretary of the commonwealth, who will certify the state outcomes. Pennsylvania doesn’t have a tough deadline for when Ms. Boockvar should log out, however there is no such thing as a purpose to anticipate a delay.
In Michigan, the Board of State Canvassers has scheduled a gathering on Monday to overview and certify the outcomes beforehand licensed by canvassing boards in every county. Regardless of Republican protests over the certification of results in Wayne County, which incorporates Detroit, the state is anticipated to certify on time.
Mr. Trump has invited Michigan Republican lawmakers to the White Home on Friday, and his marketing campaign is brazenly attempting to dam the certification course of within the hopes of getting Republican state legislators to overrule hundreds of thousands of Michigan voters and appoint a pro-Trump slate to the Electoral Faculty.
Legislators aren’t doubtless to do this. However even when they did, Gov. Gretchen Whitmer, a Democrat, might certify a separate, pro-Biden slate of electors. It could then be as much as Congress to decide on between the 2 slates, and election attorneys say federal regulation would favor the governor’s, together with if Congress deadlocked. Congress might additionally, in idea, toss out Michigan’s electoral votes altogether — by which case Mr. Biden would nonetheless win the Electoral Faculty.
Tuesday, Nov. 24: Minnesota, Nevada, North Carolina
In Nevada, which Mr. Biden gained, the state Supreme Courtroom will meet on Nov. 24 to certify the outcomes. In the end, the governor might want to affirm the result. The Trump marketing campaign has filed a lawsuit baselessly claiming that Mr. Trump really gained Nevada, and conservative teams are attempting to nullify the outcomes, however these claims are extremely unlikely to steer anyplace.
That is additionally the certification deadline for Minnesota and North Carolina, neither of which is anticipated to be contentious. Mr. Biden gained Minnesota; Mr. Trump gained North Carolina.
Saturday, Nov. 28: Ohio
That is the deadline for Ohio, which Mr. Trump gained, to certify its outcomes. No challenges are anticipated.
Monday, Nov. 30: Arizona, Iowa, Nebraska
Arizona has to certify its outcomes by this date, as do Iowa and Nebraska. Mr. Biden gained Arizona, Mr. Trump gained Iowa, and in Nebraska, Mr. Trump gained statewide however Mr. Biden gained one electoral vote within the state’s Second Congressional District.
The Arizona Republican Social gathering requested a courtroom to postpone certification in Maricopa County, which incorporates Phoenix, however a choose rejected the request on Thursday.
Given this, counties are anticipated to certify on time and Katie Hobbs, the secretary of state and a Democrat, is anticipated to log out on the ultimate, statewide certification.
No disputes are anticipated in Iowa or Nebraska that would delay certification.
Tuesday, Dec. 1: Wisconsin
That is the deadline for Wisconsin, which Mr. Biden gained, to certify its outcomes.
Wisconsin has already accomplished county-level certification, however the Trump marketing campaign is searching for a partial recount, which, if it proceeds, must be full by the deadline and isn’t anticipated to change the outcomes considerably. As soon as the recount is accomplished, the Wisconsin Elections Fee will meet to certify the outcomes statewide.
Tuesday, Dec. 8
This can be a key date within the democratic course of: If states resolve all disputes and certify their outcomes by Dec. 8, the outcomes must be insulated from additional authorized challenges, guaranteeing that states gained by Mr. Biden will ship Biden delegates to the Electoral Faculty.
The certification processes main as much as this date differ from state to state, however the remaining step is identical in all places beneath federal regulation: The governor of every state should compile the licensed outcomes and ship them to Congress, together with the names of the state’s Electoral Faculty delegates.
Monday, Dec. 14
Electors will meet on Dec. 14 of their respective states and forged their votes. This vote is, constitutionally, what determines the following president.
Mr. Biden has 306 electoral votes to Mr. Trump’s 232. Many states formally require their electors to vote for the candidate they pledged to vote for, usually the winner of the state’s widespread vote. Traditionally, rogue electors have been few and much between, and have by no means altered the result.
Wednesday, Jan. 6
Congress is in the end chargeable for counting and certifying the votes forged by the Electoral Faculty, and it’s scheduled to take action on Jan. 6.
If there are nonetheless disputes at this level — if Republican legislators in a state have been to nominate a pro-Trump Electoral Faculty slate in opposition to voters’ will, as an illustration, and the Democratic governor of the state have been to nominate a pro-Biden slate — it could be Congress’s job to resolve them. Election regulation consultants say that beneath federal statute, the governor’s slate must be favored.
Wednesday, Jan. 20
Mr. Biden will probably be sworn in because the forty sixth president of america.